Browse Exhibits (2 total)

When a Frontier Becomes a Town: A Profile of Clifton-Morenci

Situated approximately 150 miles from Mexico, Clifton-Morenci was a border town in more ways than one. In the remote mountains, it bordered between frontier and civilization.  In 1900, Arizona was still nearly a decade away from statehood, and early Clifton-Morenci was littered with stories of gun fights, battles with the Apache, outlaws, prostitutes, and gambling halls.  These stories helped to shape the towns’ legacy - one that continues to give the area frontier credibility over more touristy areas like nearby Tombstone.  Yet, by the turn-of-the-twentieth century, the community and companies that shaped the town were transforming Clifton-Morenci’s frontier into towns where families came to live and businesses grew.  Chapter 1, Sixteen Tons

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A Company of Workers, A Country of Citizens

For the workers and residents of Kimberley and Clifton-Morenci, citizenship embodied notions of opportunity and privilege in a town that offered little freedoms from the everyday strains of mine work.  Although legal citizeship was defined according to federal laws and governed at the national level, community members continually redefined and shaped these precedents according to changing social and economic conditions at the local level (community, municipality, industry).  Residents defined "cultural citizenship" for themselves and others despite legal precidents.  Citizenship represented more than just one's legal status.  The term also suggested that one had the ability and rationality to maintain autonomy and freedom.  In the process, cultural citizenship ties helped to establish stronger worker agency.  Chapter 4, Sixteen Tons

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